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Do Cervical and Endometrial Polyps Affect Fertility In Women?

Uterine polyps are the lesions and masses of the uterine wall (endometrium) whereas Cervical polyps are small, elongated growths of tissue that protrude into the passageway through the cervix.

 

In the general population, the prevalence of uterine or endometrial polyp is 10% and about 2 to 5% of women are affected with cervical polyps.

 

Usually, polyps are almost benign (noncancerous) and polyps on the cervix do not cause any symptoms.  Women in their 40s and 50s,  who have more than one child are most commonly affected with polyps.   The main reasons for the occurrence of polyps are due to an increase in estrogen hormone, chronic inflammation of the cervix, vagina, or uterus, and clogged blood vessels.

Do Cervical and Endometrial Polyps Affect Fertility In Women?

Most cervical polyps do not cause any noticeable symptoms. However, some polyps may bleed between menstrual periods or after intercourse, and become infected, causing a pus-like vaginal discharge.

 

Dr. Nirmal Bhasin, Director of Jannee fertility center, saysYou should immediately consult a gynecologist once you experience a white or yellow mucus discharge from Vagina, or abnormally heavy periods.”

Also, vaginal bleeding or spotting may occur:

  • After sexual intercourse
  • Between periods
  • After menopause
  • After douching

In rare cases, some of these symptoms may represent early signs of cancer. Therefore, removing them with surgery can help to reduce this risk.

 

Do Cervical and Endometrial Polyps affect Fertility?

 

Uterine polyps occur in the endometrium, the tissue that lines the uterine walls, which can affect fertility by lowering the chances of implantation of a fertilized egg. Polyps may even enhance the risk of miscarriage in women undergoing In-vitro fertilization.

Do Cervical and Endometrial Polyps Affect Fertility In Women?

 

At  Jannee, one of the best IVF centers in Chandigarh, if our doctors suspect uterine polyps, they might perform one of the following diagnostic procedures:

 

Transvaginal ultrasound- It is performed to see a polyp or identify a uterine polyp as a region of thickened endometrial tissue. Other related procedures are known as Hysterosonography or Sonohysterography.

 

Hysteroscopy- In this procedure, a flexible, thin, and lighted telescope (hysteroscope) is passed through the vagina and cervix into the uterus to examine the endometrial cavity.

 

Endometrial biopsy– Here, a suction catheter is put inside the uterus to collect a tissue specimen for lab testing. It is generally performed to confirm Uterine polyps, but sometimes this biopsy examination might also miss the polyp.

 

Although most uterine polyps are benign in nature, some precancerous changes of the uterus or uterine cancers may appear as uterine polyps. Therefore, a doctor will likely recommend examination of a tissue sample for lab analysis to confirm uterine cancer.

 

Usually, small polyps might resolve on their own, so no treatment is advised unless a patient is at risk of uterine cancer.

 

Some hormonal medications may be prescribed as a short-term solution to minimize symptoms of the polyp, because, symptoms typically may recur once the medication is stopped.

 

Hysteroscopy may be performed for the surgical removal of polyps from the uterine cavity. The removed polyp should be sent to a lab examination to confirm cancerous cells.

 

Always remember, uterine polyps might be associated with infertility. After effective treatment of polyps, all doors of Assisted Reproductive Technology open for the patient. Depending on the Reproductive history of the couple they may undergo IUI, IVF, ICSI or Surrogacy to start a family.

 

If you are also experiencing any of related symptoms of uterine polyps and unable to have children, then you may visit Jannee fertility center. Here, the surgical removal of the polyps is performed by our team of doctors led by Dr. Nirmal Bhasin who has several years of experience in the field of infertility.

Book your appointment today for an expert consultation.

Surrogacy: All You Need to Know About it

 

One out of every six couples faces infertility and this can be devastating to accept. The physical and emotional loss of not being able to carry your own baby can be hard to overcome. Though there are many known causes of infertility, here we will address the problem of absent/damaged uterus, recurrent miscarriages and implantation failures (failed IVF). All the aforementioned cases are treatable only through surrogacy as the female partner’s uterus cannot carry a baby.  Surrogacy in India has become a prevalent treatment option and is being offered by many fertility clinics.

 

Surrogacy has given countless couples the opportunity to build their family. So, let us understand what surrogacy is.
 

What is Surrogacy?

Surrogacy is a process that helps couples to start a family when they otherwise could not due to various factors such as medical conditions, age or hormonal imbalance. Surrogacy is an agreement signed between a woman and a couple who wants to have a child of their own. It means to rent the womb to carry and deliver the baby for someone else.

 

There are two types of surrogacy – traditional and gestational.
 

Traditional

In this process, the woman is artificially inseminated with the father’s sperm. Then she carries and delivers the baby for the parents. A traditional surrogate is genetically related to the child because her egg was used in the process.

 

Gestational

In this process, the woman carries and delivers the baby for the parents and is not genetically related to the child. The egg and sperm are taken from the intended parents. Donor sperms and eggs may also be used if needed. The eggs are artificially fertilized by sperm through IVF and then implanted in the uterus of the surrogate.

 

Why Opt for Surrogacy?

Couples can opt for surrogacy due to several reasons, such as malformation or infection in the woman’s womb, absence or removal of the womb by hysterectomy, recurring miscarriages, conditions that make pregnancy risky and repeated failure of assisted reproductive techniques.

 

surrogacy in India

How to Find a Surrogate?

There are a number of ways to find a surrogate mother:

  • Family/Friends – You can request a relative or a friend to be a surrogate for you. This has its benefits and challenges
  • Licensed Surrogacy Agency

    The agency not only helps to find a good surrogate mother but will also take care of the legal and medical arrangements throughout the process. It will also collect fee that is processed through you to the surrogate, such as paying for her medical expenses.

 

How to Choose a Surrogate?

According to the experts, it is important to make sure that surrogate mother:

  • Is healthy and ideally between 21 to 40 years old.
  • Has given birth to a healthy baby before.
  • Should pass a psychological screening by a mental health professional.
  • Signs a contract about her role and responsibilities in the pregnancy.

 

The legal process allows surrogacy only for childless couples who have been married for at least 5 years. Surrogacy process and IVF in India makes it possible for parents to have a child that possesses genes from one or both parents, but it can also lead to many emotional and psychological ups and downs for the future parents.

 

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There is still some debate about using a surrogate mother to have a baby. The legal process is also tricky because it varies. Even so, whether it’s because of fertility problems or other reasons, surrogacy is an option for you and your partner.

 

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You can also visit our website Jannee Fertility Centre and follow us on Google Plus, Pinterest, Facebook, Twitter and YouTube for the latest blog on fertility issues.

 

IVF Chandigarh

IVF Chandigarh