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Male Infertility Causes And Treatment Options

Infertility has become the talk of the nation with a sharp increase by 30% in infertility cases in the last six years. World Health Organization recognizes infertility as a disease as it impairs the physical, mental, emotional and social abilities of couples affected by it. Contrary to popular belief, infertility is not restricted to urban areas and women alone. It’s a widespread problem which affects both men and women alike. In this blog we will be focusing on male infertility, treatment for which is available at Mohali IVF centre.

Best infertility clinic in Chandigarh

Causes of Male Infertility:

The underlying cause behind male infertility is usually genetic and/or lifestyle. Some of the common causes of male infertility are:-

  1. Varicocele – Enlarged veins in the testicles
  2. Undescended testicle- When one or both testicles fail to move into the scrotum before birth
  3. Infection in the testicle or prostate
  4. Genetic Abnormalities such as Down’s syndrome, Klinfelter’s syndrome, etc.
  5. Erectile dysfunction or impotence- it occurs when a man is unable to develop or maintain an erection.
  6. Testosterone levels- Low levels of male sex hormone (testosterone) may also be responsible for infertility in men.
  7. Low Libido or Sex Drive
  8. Low Sperm count-Sperm count is the number or concentration of sperm cells in a given amount of semen.
  9. Low Sperm motility- The ability of sperm to swim is an essential function of healthy sperm cells. Low motility of sperms usually doesn’t allow them to reach and fertilize the egg in uterus/ tubes of the female.

Best infertility clinic in Chandigarh

Risk factors linked to male infertility:

  1. Smoking
  2. Drinking alcohol
  3. Aging
  4. Infections
  5. Being overweight
  6. Exposure to environmental toxins
  7. Overheating the testicles
  8. Having medical conditions, including tumors and chronic illnesses
  9. Taking medication or undergoing chemotherapy for cancer

How can male infertility be prevented?                                

Male infertility caused by genetic problems or illness can’t be prevented but there are some lifestyle changes which can help in reducing chances of infertility such as avoiding- drugs, excessive alcohol intake, smoking, unprotected sex, tight-fitting underwear, etc.

Best infertility clinic in Chandigarh and Mohali

Treatment options to treat male infertility

Artificial insemination

If the sperm count is low, then artificial insemination is a good option. In this procedure, semen sample is processed and then placed in the uterus or fallopian tubes of female partner.

In vitro fertilisation

Another option to treat male infertility is In-vitro fertilisation. In this procedure, the sperms and eggs are fertilized in a laboratory and then the fertilized egg is placed in the uterus of female partner. IVF treatment in Chandigarh is available at affordable cost.

Donor sperms can be used to help facilitate conception, in case, tests reveals that there is no sperm production. In this procedure, donor sperms are obtained from a sperm bank and placed inside the uterus or fallopian tubes of female partner through artificial insemination or after fertilization through IVF.

Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection

ICSI is used to improve fertilization phase of in vitro fertilization (IVF) by injecting a single sperm into the matured egg for fertilization. The fertilized egg is then placed in the woman’s uterus for normal growth.

This procedure is commonly used to overcome male infertility issues of low sperm count and motility.

ICSI

In countries like India, infertility is usually associated with a woman and is even stigmatized. However, medical statistics show that both genders are equally a part of this problem. It is now known that 40% of infertility cases are due to problems in the females, 40% due to problems in males, 10% cases due to both and in 10% cases the problem is unidentified. Keeping these figures in mind, it’s important to see infertility as a neutral problem without putting the burden on any one gender. Best infertility clinic in Chandigarh will counsel the couple for the same.

If you have any query, you can comment below. We will happy to answer it.

Genital Tuberculosis – A Reason For Infertility Among Women

Tuberculosis continues to be a major health problem throughout the world affecting about 9.4 million people annually with about two million deaths. Over 95 % of new TB cases and deaths occur in developing countries with India and China together accounting for 40 % of the world’s TB burden.

Tuberculosis infection doesn’t always remain restricted to the lungs but can also travel to other parts of the body such as bones, joints, urinary tract and genital tract, etc. If it reaches the genital areas of a woman, it could lead to infertility. In developing countries like India Genital tract tuberculosis is identified as an important cause of infertility.

 

In such cases, IVF treatment from IVF centre becomes a ray of hope. Genital TB mainly affects females in the reproductive age group, but it is also reported in post-menopausal females.

How Genital Tuberculosis infection affects women’s chances of getting pregnant?

How Genital Tuberculosis infection affects women’s chances of getting pregnant?

 

  • When tuberculosis infection affects fallopian tubes, it may cause obstruction or dysfunction. This prevents the entry of fertilized egg into the uterus from tubes.
  • On the other hand, if bacteria erode lining of endometrium, it will become difficult for the fertilized egg to implant itself on uterus wall and hence again averting pregnancy.
  • Infection in the ovaries would affect quality of ovum or lead to failure in ovulation.
  • Infection in the cervix, vagina or vulva could also make chances of pregnancy bleak.

 

What are the symptoms of Genital tuberculosis?

 

Genital tuberculosis doesn’t show any visible symptoms usually. If a woman has suffered from pulmonary TB in the past then it can show following signs which can indicate sub-fertility.

 

  • Irregularity in menstrual cycles such as suffering from scanty or heavy periods
  • Pain and heaviness in the pelvic area
  • Cysts in pelvic area

 

How can Genital Tuberculosis be diagnosed?

Female Genital TB is usually asymptomatic and hence gets diagnosed when a female presents with infertility and all other causes have been ruled out. Some tests used for diagnosis are:

  1. endometrial biopsy
  2. culture of menstrual flow and laparoscopy
  3. polymerase chain reaction for the specific bacteria
  4. hysterosalpingographic study (HSG)

 

Treatment for Genital Tuberculosis

Usually treatment is by giving daily therapy of rifampicin (R), isoniazid (H), pyrazinamide (Z) and ethambutol (E) for 2 months followed by daily 4 month therapy of rifampicin (R) and isoniazid (H). 

Treatment for Genital Tuberculosis

Anti Tuberculosis Treatment (ATT) has an excellent recovery/cure rate, so patients should not lose hope after being diagnosed with the disease. 

Treatment must be given by an experienced physician and self medication is to be strictly avoided.

Post ATT treatment IVF-ET helps conceive if the endometrium of the patient is still healthy. However, if endometrium has been affected due to TB then adoption and surrogacy are the only options left. Best infertility clinic in Chandigarh, Panchkula and Mohali provide test tube baby treatment and surrogacy to such patients.

 

You can also visit our website Jannee Fertility Centre and follow us on Google Plus, Pinterest, Facebook, Twitter and YouTube for the latest blog on fertility issues. 

Make Healthy Choices to Enhance Your Chances Of Conceiving

Fertility problems have increased dramatically over the past twenty years. One in every six couples has difficulty achieving pregnancy and a quarter of all pregnancies end up in a miscarriage. Due to this, more and more couples nowadays are turning to fertility treatments. Best IVF treatment in Chandigarh is here to help you have a new family.

 

Infertility may be due to tubal damage, ovulatory dysfunction, endometriosis, low/nil sperm count, etc. However, in about 20% of infertility cases the cause of infertility may be unknown. This is known as “Unexplained Infertility”. Here, the need arises to look deeper at lifestyle factors and nutritional deficiencies.

 

Pre conception care –

Primordial sperm cells take at least three months to develop into a mature sperm. This means you need to have a three-month period before conceiving when you are trying to improve your fertility. This is called pre-conception period. Hormonal imbalances, detoxification of body, overcoming nutritional deficiencies- all of this can be achieved within this 3 to 6 month window prior to getting pregnant. So, you and your partner must embrace some lifestyle changes during this phase in order to achieve conception.

 

Choices to increase chances of conceiving:

Healthy diet to correct hormone imbalances –

Both you and your partner should follow a healthy diet in order to have a successful pregnancy. Healthy diet can help you correct hormone imbalances and improve sperm quality that may affect your ability to conceive.

 

Alcohol affects sperm health –

Drinking alcohol can reduce your fertility by half. Research has shown that drinking alcohol affects sperm health such as it causes a decrease in sperm count and an increase in abnormal sperm. So, it is better to stop drinking alcohol. If you are also suffering from male infertility problem, then you can go for IVF treatment in Chandigarh as the cost of IVF in Chandigarh is affordable.

 

Caffeine reduces fertility –

Research has shown that caffeine (particularly in the form of coffee) reduces fertility. So it is better to eliminate all caffeine-containing food and drinks including colas, chocolate, black teas and coffee for at least three months (preconception care).

 

Eliminate xenoestrogens with organic produce –

The most important thing which you need to do is to balance your hormones. During preconception period, you must avoid anything that might cause an imbalance. One such major culprit is the xenoestrogens. Eat as much organic produce as possible in order to eliminate an excess intake of xenoestrogens.

 

Smoking decreases sperm count –

Smoking affects fertility in women and can even bring on an early menopause. In males, it can decrease sperm count, making the sperm more sluggish. It even leads to decreased motility and DNA damage in sperms.

 

Exercise regime –

Start a moderate exercise regime to improve the blood flow through your body, especially your reproductive organs. Walk, yoga or moderate work out at the gym is recommended.

You can also visit our website Jannee Fertility Centre and follow us on Google Plus, Pinterest, Facebook, Twitter and YouTube for the latest blog on fertility issues. 

IVF Chandigarh

IVF Chandigarh