Breast and Cervical cancer are the two most common types of cancers affecting women. Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells develop and spread in the cervix. Most cervical cancer cases are triggered by a type of virus. When found early, cervical cancer is highly curable. At Mohali IVF Centres every woman is counseled about the prevalence and prevention of cervical cancer.
Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
In early stages, when the cervical cells become abnormal, signs may not be observed. But when cancer progresses, then you may experience following signs and symptoms-
• Unusual vaginal discharge
• Vaginal bleeding between periods
• Bleeding after menopause
• Bleeding or pain during sex
Causes of Cervical Cancer
The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a large group of viruses that cause Cervical Cancer in Women. The HPV detected today could have been acquired years ago. The cervix, vagina, and vulva can get infected from several different types of HPV.
Who Is at Risk for HPV?
HPV is so common that most people who have ever had sex — both women and men — will get the virus at some point in life. It’s possible to carry the infection even if it has been years since you had sex. Even though condoms can lower your risk of getting HPV, but they do not fully protect against the virus. HPV can also cause cancers of the vulva, vagina, and penis. HPV are also linked to anal and oral cancers in both male and female.
The risk is also higher in infected women who:
• Have many children
• Use birth control pills for a long time
• Are HIV positive or have a weakened immune system
One-fourth of the global cervical cancer cases are reported in India every year. In addition, an estimated 74,000 Indian women die annually from the disease. Many Indian women lack both awareness about the disease and access to prevention and treatment facilities.
Cervical Cancer Detection and Treatment
The Pap test is one of the great success stories in early detection. Sometimes, abnormal cervical cells can be observed, before cancer appears. So they can be treated before cancer develops. So, it is better to go for a Pap test after every three years, once you reach the age of 21 years. Women of higher age and at higher risk need to get the test done every year. Pap smear test is available at Jannee Fertility Centre at a very nominal price.
Treatment of patients suffering from this cancer may include one or more of the following:
Prevention is Better than Cure
Cervical cancer may be prevented by undergoing the regular Pap-Smear test and getting vaccinated against the disease. Vaccines are now available against HPV and are generally given in three doses over a six-month period. The vaccines are effective at preventing infections with the two types of HPV that cause 70% of cervical cancers. However, it must be remembered that the vaccines are only used to prevent, not treat, HPV infection. If they are administered before an individual becomes sexually active, they become most effective. So, it is better for females of 9 to 45 years old to get vaccinated against the cervical cancer virus.