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Do Cervical and Endometrial Polyps Affect Fertility In Women?

Uterine polyps are the lesions and masses of the uterine wall (endometrium) whereas Cervical polyps are small, elongated growths of tissue that protrude into the passageway through the cervix.


In the general population, the prevalence of uterine or endometrial polyp is 10% and about 2 to 5% of women are affected with cervical polyps.


Usually, polyps are almost benign (noncancerous) and polyps on the cervix do not cause any symptoms.  Women in their 40s and 50s,  who have more than one child are most commonly affected with polyps.   The main reasons for the occurrence of polyps are due to an increase in estrogen hormone, chronic inflammation of the cervix, vagina, or uterus, and clogged blood vessels.

Do Cervical and Endometrial Polyps Affect Fertility In Women?

Most cervical polyps do not cause any noticeable symptoms. However, some polyps may bleed between menstrual periods or after intercourse, and become infected, causing a pus-like vaginal discharge.


Dr. Nirmal Bhasin, Director of Jannee fertility center, saysYou should immediately consult a gynecologist once you experience a white or yellow mucus discharge from Vagina, or abnormally heavy periods.”

Also, vaginal bleeding or spotting may occur:

  • After sexual intercourse
  • Between periods
  • After menopause
  • After douching

In rare cases, some of these symptoms may represent early signs of cancer. Therefore, removing them with surgery can help to reduce this risk.


Do Cervical and Endometrial Polyps affect Fertility?


Uterine polyps occur in the endometrium, the tissue that lines the uterine walls, which can affect fertility by lowering the chances of implantation of a fertilized egg. Polyps may even enhance the risk of miscarriage in women undergoing In-vitro fertilization.

Do Cervical and Endometrial Polyps Affect Fertility In Women?


At  Jannee, one of the best IVF centers in Chandigarh, if our doctors suspect uterine polyps, they might perform one of the following diagnostic procedures:


Transvaginal ultrasound- It is performed to see a polyp or identify a uterine polyp as a region of thickened endometrial tissue. Other related procedures are known as Hysterosonography or Sonohysterography.


Hysteroscopy- In this procedure, a flexible, thin, and lighted telescope (hysteroscope) is passed through the vagina and cervix into the uterus to examine the endometrial cavity.


Endometrial biopsy– Here, a suction catheter is put inside the uterus to collect a tissue specimen for lab testing. It is generally performed to confirm Uterine polyps, but sometimes this biopsy examination might also miss the polyp.


Although most uterine polyps are benign in nature, some precancerous changes of the uterus or uterine cancers may appear as uterine polyps. Therefore, a doctor will likely recommend examination of a tissue sample for lab analysis to confirm uterine cancer.


Usually, small polyps might resolve on their own, so no treatment is advised unless a patient is at risk of uterine cancer.


Some hormonal medications may be prescribed as a short-term solution to minimize symptoms of the polyp, because, symptoms typically may recur once the medication is stopped.


Hysteroscopy may be performed for the surgical removal of polyps from the uterine cavity. The removed polyp should be sent to a lab examination to confirm cancerous cells.


Always remember, uterine polyps might be associated with infertility. After effective treatment of polyps, all doors of Assisted Reproductive Technology open for the patient. Depending on the Reproductive history of the couple they may undergo IUI, IVF, ICSI or Surrogacy to start a family.


If you are also experiencing any of related symptoms of uterine polyps and unable to have children, then you may visit Jannee fertility center. Here, the surgical removal of the polyps is performed by our team of doctors led by Dr. Nirmal Bhasin who has several years of experience in the field of infertility.

Book your appointment today for an expert consultation.

6 Steps You Need to Know About IVF Cycle Timeline

In vitro fertilization in chandigarh

In-vitro fertilization is a complex series of procedures used to treat fertility and assist with the conception of a child. It is the most effective form of assisted reproductive technology. The process is comprised of three phases, ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval and embryo fertilization & implantation. Each of these phases is comprised of multiple steps to facilitate conception, pregnancy, and the birth of a healthy baby. It is important that couples exploring in vitro fertilization in Chandigarh as a fertility treatment option have a clear picture of what the IVF process and timeline look like.

Here is a detailed outline of step-by-step IVF cycle timeline.

Step 1- Menstrual Cycle Suppression

The start of your menstrual cycle will trigger the start of your IVF cycle as your body gears up for its natural ovulation process. In most cases, once the periods begin, the doctor will administer oral contraceptives that help to regulate hormone level and also limit any potential cysts from developing. The oral contraceptives are typically taken for 2-4 weeks. In addition to contraceptive, you will also be daily given injections of Lupron, which completes the pre-stimulation ovarian suppression and is used for 2 weeks.

Step 2- Ovarian Stimulation

When your ovaries and hormones are in sync, then you are ready to begin the ovarian stimulation process. The ovaries are primed to release multiple viable eggs in order to create healthy embryos. The process is done using fertility hormone injections which consist of Follistim, Manopur, Gonal-F, Bravelle, Repronex or a combination of these injections. Ovarian stimulation lasts between 8-12 days. The process is monitored via estrogen levels and ultrasound. When the egg follicles are mature, Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) injection is given to stimulate the egg release. Timing is essential as eggs need to be retrieved 36 hours after HCG.

Step 3- Egg Retrieving

The process is performed under anaesthesia because it is mildly invasive. The process is also known as Ultrasound Directed Follicular Aspiration (UDFA). This allows the doctor to delicately remove the available ripe or viable eggs. When you wake up, the doctor will tell you how many eggs were retrieved.

Step 4- Egg Fertilization

Sperm is required to fertilize eggs. If you are using your partner’s sperm, he would have already provided the sample or can be scheduled to provide the same day as your eggs are retrieved or donor sperm can also be used. The eggs are fertilized within hours of retrieval. It takes 3 days for embryos to mature and then tested for genetic viability. Results are obtained between 24 and 48 hours. If the viable embryo is present, you will be scheduled for embryo transfer.

Stage 5- Embryo Transfer

This is where it really gets exciting. At this point, the viable embryo will be transferred to your uterus. You won’t need to be anaesthetized as the doctor uses tiny, slender tube to transfer a 3-day to 5-day old embryo into your uterus. If there are spare viable embryos, they will be cryogenically frozen for future use if needed.

Stage 6- Pregnancy Testing

The tiny embryo will float around in your uterus and can take up to a week to attach to the uterine lining. Implantation stimulates pregnancy hormones which are required to signal that you are pregnant. You will be tested for pregnancy on day 15 after embryo transfer to check if it is implanted. You will be given progesterone suppositories throughout the 1st trimester to help diminish chances of miscarriage.

The above is a general overview of the IVF timeline. These times can vary according to your particular infertility diagnosis, your body’s hormone level and its response to various treatment steps.

Are you interested in learning more about in vitro fertilization treatments in Chandigarh and whether or not they are right for you? Contact Jannee Fertility Centre to schedule a consultation.

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IVF Chandigarh

IVF Chandigarh