Presently, more than 10% of the couples worldwide are affected by infertility or have problems in conceiving. Also, various advanced and effective infertility procedures and treatments have been developed to overcome infertility. Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) is one of the most frequently used procedures to treat various issues of infertility. IUI is primarily used in cases of low sperm count or decreased sperm mobility in the men. This procedure is usually performed in a laboratory by separating sperms taken from the husband or a donor (depending on the couple’s medical history and consent) and then artificially injecting those sperms inside a woman’s uterus (womb) to facilitate fertilization. It is both a less invasive and inexpensive procedure compared to in vitro fertilization.
Reasons to perform IUI
A poor sperm count or decreased sperm mobility are the most common reasons to perform an IUI procedure. But it may also be considered for the treatment of any of the following conditions:
- A hostile cervical problem including cervical mucus issues
- Unexplained Infertility
- Hindrance of cervical scar tissue occurring from previous surgeries
- Erectile or Ejaculation Dysfunction
Various steps to perform IUI procedure
- Medications are given to stimulate egg formation in the female patient.
- Egg formation is closely monitored usually through ultrasound.
- The patient is usually given a hormonal trigger for egg release/ovulation and then monitored for about 24-36 hours.
- As soon as the patient ovulates, IUI or Artificial Insemination is done using Husband’s or Donor’s sperms.
- On the day of IUI, semen sample is washed in the lab to separate the sperms from the seminal fluid.
- Then a catheter is used to insert the sperms directly into the head of uterus or womb. This process allows sperm cells to maximize in numbers to increase the chances of conception.
- This whole procedure takes just a few minutes to finish and without much trouble or discomfort.
- The next step is to wait and watch for signs and symptoms of pregnancy.
The only risk involved in IUI is that of multiple pregnancies.
Chances of IUI Success
It depends on various factors such as woman’s age, causes of infertility, fertility drugs were used or not, and lots of other variables. If the IUI procedure is performed each month for 3 consecutive months under favorable conditions then the chances of success in the couples may even reach as high as 20% per cycle.
If you are also facing any Infertility issue and looking for some suitable options to enhance your fertility chances, then your search can end with us at Jannee, offering advanced and latest treatment options for infertility with specialization in IVF, ICSI, IUI, and Surrogacy.
Visit us to know more about our services or contact us to book an appointment with our Specialist doctor.