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How Endometrial Polyps Affect Fertility In Women?

Uterine polyps are the lesions and masses of the uterine wall (endometrium) whereas Cervical polyps are small, elongated growths of tissue that protrude into the passageway through the cervix.


In the general population, the prevalence of uterine or endometrial polyp is 10% and about 2 to 5% of women are affected with cervical polyps.

Usually, polyps are almost benign (noncancerous) and polyps on the cervix do not cause any symptoms.  Women in their 40s and 50s,  who have more than one child are most commonly affected with polyps.   The main reasons for the occurrence of polyps are due to an increase in estrogen hormone, chronic inflammation of the cervix, vagina, or uterus, and clogged blood vessels.

Most cervical polyps do not cause any noticeable symptoms. However, some polyps may bleed between menstrual periods or after intercourse, and become infected, causing a pus-like vaginal discharge.


Dr. Nirmal Bhasin, Director of Jannee fertility center, saysYou should immediately consult a gynecologist once you experience a white or yellow mucus discharge from Vagina, or abnormally heavy periods.”

Also, vaginal bleeding or spotting may occur:

  • After sexual intercourse
  • Between periods
  • After menopause
  • After douching

In rare cases, some of these symptoms may represent early signs of cancer. Therefore, removing them with surgery can help to reduce this risk.

How Endometrial Polyps affect Fertility?

Uterine polyps occur in the endometrium, the tissue that lines the uterine walls, which can affect fertility by lowering the chances of implantation of a fertilized egg. Polyps may even enhance the risk of miscarriage in women undergoing In-vitro fertilization.

At  Jannee, one of the best IVF centers in Chandigarh, if our doctors suspect uterine polyps, they might perform one of the following diagnostic procedures:


Transvaginal ultrasound- It is performed to see a polyp or identify a uterine polyp as a region of thickened endometrial tissue. Other related procedures are known as Hysterosonography or Sonohysterography.


Hysteroscopy- In this procedure, a flexible, thin, and lighted telescope (hysteroscope) is passed through the vagina and cervix into the uterus to examine the endometrial cavity.


Endometrial biopsy– Here, a suction catheter is put inside the uterus to collect a tissue specimen for lab testing. It is generally performed to confirm Uterine polyps, but sometimes this biopsy examination might also miss the polyp.


Although most uterine polyps are benign in nature, some precancerous changes of the uterus or uterine cancers may appear as uterine polyps. Therefore, a doctor will likely recommend examination of a tissue sample for lab analysis to confirm uterine cancer.


Usually, small polyps might resolve on their own, so no treatment is advised unless a patient is at risk of uterine cancer.


Some hormonal medications may be prescribed as a short-term solution to minimize symptoms of the polyp, because, symptoms typically may recur once the medication is stopped.


Hysteroscopy may be performed for the surgical removal of polyps from the uterine cavity. The removed polyp should be sent to a lab examination to confirm cancerous cells.

Always remember, uterine polyps might be associated with infertility. After effective treatment of polyps, all doors of Assisted Reproductive Technology open for the patient. Depending on the Reproductive history of the couple they may undergo IUI, IVF, ICSI or Surrogacy to start a family.

If you are also experiencing any of related symptoms of uterine polyps and unable to have children, then you may visit Jannee fertility center. Here, the surgical removal of the polyps is performed by our team of doctors led by Dr. Nirmal Bhasin who has several years of experience in the field of infertility.

Book your appointment today for an expert consultation.

Heartwarming IVF Story of a Patient – Best IVF Treatment Centre

Inspiring stories from our patients documenting their unique journeys at Jannee fertility centre.

This story provides an honest, heartwarming look into the trials and triumphs our patients face, and hopefully offer a glimpse of what makes Jannee Fertility centre a place of hope and possibility.

She entered my cabin with a wedding album of her son in her hand.
She was crying incessantly and showing me the wedding pictures of her son , who was a handsome 24 year old boy. Destiny had its own course. 6 months ago she lost him to a road side accident in London.
With great difficulty I gathered myself & tried talking to her.
She said only one thing …
Doctor Nirmal Bhasin! My son is waiting to come back to me. Please help me!!!
At 49 years of age I would not recommend her to conceive especially with a recent emotional trauma.
After she calmed down I tried explaining to her that she should look after her daughter & daughter in law. But she kept saying – her son wants to come back.
I explained the prognosis through Ivf with the help of egg donation.
She said – anyways do it.
It’s the soul that is longing to come back.
I was so touched with her words & we went ahead with Ivf with ovum donor and she conceived.
She is now blessed with a son who has made her life meaningful.
She calls me often & visits my clinic with her son (now not the picture in the album)whenever she is in India.
Dr. Nirmal Bhasin Says” My success is when I am remembered fondly by her”

Fertility preservation

Infertility today is a global issue. Recent years have rise in the number of couples opting for fertility treatments. But success of fertility treatments depends on the age of couple.
Today due to various reasons such as prolonged education, career commitments and late marriages, fertility planning has taken a back seat among urban couples.
Fertility issues in ageing women can be treated by consulting reproductive medicine specialist . Today one can protect eggs/sperm/reproductive tissues and use in the future to have a biological child. Though initially started for cancer patients, the process today is widely used for other beneficiaries as well.

Those who have been exposed to toxic chemicals in the workplace or during military duty.
Those who have severe endometriosis /uterine fibroids.
Those who are about to undergo cancer treatment.
Those who are about to be treated for an autoimmune disease, such as lupus.
Those who have genetic disease that affect future fertility.
Married couple who delay reproduction for personal reasons.
Unmarried single male/females.

For Males:

Sperm Cryopreservation: In this process the semen sample is frozen and stored for future use in a process called Cryopreservation.

For Females:
Embryo Cryopreservation:

It is the most common and successful option for pre serving a female’s fertility. It includes ovarian stimulation with hormones to produce more eggs and are retrieved from the ovaries by a fertility specialist . The eggs are then fertilised with sperm from her partner or a donor in an embryology lab through In vitro fertilization.

Infertility and IVF Process

Infertility causes for Men:

i. Unhealthy Lifestyle. Smoking and Excessive Fast Food.
ii. Extensive Exposure to some chemicals/medicines.
iii. Scarring in reproductive system or impair Sperm function due to STD’s.
iv. Aging, which reduces sperm count.
v. An enlarged varicose vein in the spermatic cord vein in the spermatic cord that connects to the testicle.

Infertility causes for Women: –

i. Unhealthy Lifestyle. Smoking and Alcohol and obesity.
ii. Polycystic Ovary syndrome: The follicles fail to ripen and hence eggs cannot mature.
iii. Problems with fallopian tubes: A blocked or scarred fallopian tube hinders the egg’s descent in the tube thus preventing it from meeting the sperm.
iv. Problems with Uterus: Presence of fibroids or polyps hinders with the implantation of the fertilized egg.
v. Problems with the Cervix: Poor quality of cervical mucus hinders the movements of the sperms through the cervix to the uterus and fallopian tubes.
vi. Endometriosis: Affects the movements of the sperm, egg pick up by the tube, egg fertilization, embryo growth & implantation.
vii. Intensive exposure to some chemicals/medicines.

Solution through IVF:-

IVF is the process by which eggs are removed from your ovaries and mixed with the sperm in a laboratory culture dish. Fertilization takes place in this dish , “in vitro “ which means “in glass”.

IVF Process:

i. Sperm Collection.
ii. Eggs are removed from ovary.
iii. The eggs are fertilized with sperm.
iv. Zygote.
v. Blastocyst.

Embryo is transferred to uterus (Pregnancy Commences)

Various factor depends upon the Cost of IVF in Chandigarh?

What it includes: –

i. Consultation charges
ii. Hormone assessment and other basic test charges
iii. O.T charges
iv. Aesthetic & Procedure charges

Medicine Cost:

v. Medicine charges which are prescribed as required during the various stages of the IVF procedure.

We hope this has given you a starting point in finding ways know about Infertility and IVF Process. We are the best Mohali IVF Centre and always care about you.

Genital Tuberculosis – A Reason For Infertility Among Women

Tuberculosis continues to be a major health problem throughout the world affecting about 9.4 million people annually with about two million deaths. Over 95 % of new TB cases and deaths occur in developing countries with India and China together accounting for 40 % of the world’s TB burden.

Tuberculosis infection doesn’t always remain restricted to the lungs but can also travel to other parts of the body such as bones, joints, urinary tract and genital tract, etc. If it reaches the genital areas of a woman, it could lead to infertility. In developing countries like India Genital tract tuberculosis is identified as an important cause of infertility.


In such cases, IVF treatment from IVF centre becomes a ray of hope. Genital TB mainly affects females in the reproductive age group, but it is also reported in post-menopausal females.

How Genital Tuberculosis infection affects women’s chances of getting pregnant?

How Genital Tuberculosis infection affects women’s chances of getting pregnant?


  • When tuberculosis infection affects fallopian tubes, it may cause obstruction or dysfunction. This prevents the entry of fertilized egg into the uterus from tubes.
  • On the other hand, if bacteria erode lining of endometrium, it will become difficult for the fertilized egg to implant itself on uterus wall and hence again averting pregnancy.
  • Infection in the ovaries would affect quality of ovum or lead to failure in ovulation.
  • Infection in the cervix, vagina or vulva could also make chances of pregnancy bleak.


What are the symptoms of Genital tuberculosis?


Genital tuberculosis doesn’t show any visible symptoms usually. If a woman has suffered from pulmonary TB in the past then it can show following signs which can indicate sub-fertility.


  • Irregularity in menstrual cycles such as suffering from scanty or heavy periods
  • Pain and heaviness in the pelvic area
  • Cysts in pelvic area


How can Genital Tuberculosis be diagnosed?

Female Genital TB is usually asymptomatic and hence gets diagnosed when a female presents with infertility and all other causes have been ruled out. Some tests used for diagnosis are:

  1. endometrial biopsy
  2. culture of menstrual flow and laparoscopy
  3. polymerase chain reaction for the specific bacteria
  4. hysterosalpingographic study (HSG)


Treatment for Genital Tuberculosis

Usually treatment is by giving daily therapy of rifampicin (R), isoniazid (H), pyrazinamide (Z) and ethambutol (E) for 2 months followed by daily 4 month therapy of rifampicin (R) and isoniazid (H). 

Treatment for Genital Tuberculosis

Anti Tuberculosis Treatment (ATT) has an excellent recovery/cure rate, so patients should not lose hope after being diagnosed with the disease. 

Treatment must be given by an experienced physician and self medication is to be strictly avoided.

Post ATT treatment IVF-ET helps conceive if the endometrium of the patient is still healthy. However, if endometrium has been affected due to TB then adoption and surrogacy are the only options left. Best infertility clinic in Chandigarh, Panchkula and Mohali provide test tube baby treatment and surrogacy to such patients.


You can also visit our website Jannee Fertility Centre and follow us on Google Plus, Pinterest, Facebook, Twitter and YouTube for the latest blog on fertility issues. 

Make Healthy Choices to Enhance Your Chances Of Conceiving

Fertility problems have increased dramatically over the past twenty years. One in every six couples has difficulty achieving pregnancy and a quarter of all pregnancies end up in a miscarriage. Due to this, more and more couples nowadays are turning to fertility treatments. Best IVF treatment in Chandigarh is here to help you have a new family.


Infertility may be due to tubal damage, ovulatory dysfunction, endometriosis, low/nil sperm count, etc. However, in about 20% of infertility cases the cause of infertility may be unknown. This is known as “Unexplained Infertility”. Here, the need arises to look deeper at lifestyle factors and nutritional deficiencies.


Pre conception care –

Primordial sperm cells take at least three months to develop into a mature sperm. This means you need to have a three-month period before conceiving when you are trying to improve your fertility. This is called pre-conception period. Hormonal imbalances, detoxification of body, overcoming nutritional deficiencies- all of this can be achieved within this 3 to 6 month window prior to getting pregnant. So, you and your partner must embrace some lifestyle changes during this phase in order to achieve conception.


Choices to increase chances of conceiving:

Healthy diet to correct hormone imbalances –

Both you and your partner should follow a healthy diet in order to have a successful pregnancy. Healthy diet can help you correct hormone imbalances and improve sperm quality that may affect your ability to conceive.


Alcohol affects sperm health –

Drinking alcohol can reduce your fertility by half. Research has shown that drinking alcohol affects sperm health such as it causes a decrease in sperm count and an increase in abnormal sperm. So, it is better to stop drinking alcohol. If you are also suffering from male infertility problem, then you can go for IVF treatment in Chandigarh as the cost of IVF in Chandigarh is affordable.


Caffeine reduces fertility –

Research has shown that caffeine (particularly in the form of coffee) reduces fertility. So it is better to eliminate all caffeine-containing food and drinks including colas, chocolate, black teas and coffee for at least three months (preconception care).


Eliminate xenoestrogens with organic produce –

The most important thing which you need to do is to balance your hormones. During preconception period, you must avoid anything that might cause an imbalance. One such major culprit is the xenoestrogens. Eat as much organic produce as possible in order to eliminate an excess intake of xenoestrogens.


Smoking decreases sperm count –

Smoking affects fertility in women and can even bring on an early menopause. In males, it can decrease sperm count, making the sperm more sluggish. It even leads to decreased motility and DNA damage in sperms.


Exercise regime –

Start a moderate exercise regime to improve the blood flow through your body, especially your reproductive organs. Walk, yoga or moderate work out at the gym is recommended.

You can also visit our website Jannee Fertility Centre and follow us on Google Plus, Pinterest, Facebook, Twitter and YouTube for the latest blog on fertility issues. 

The Scope of IUI procedure in the treatment of Infertility

Presently, more than 10% of the couples worldwide are affected by infertility or have problems in conceiving. Also, various advanced and effective infertility procedures and treatments have been developed to overcome infertility. Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) is one of the most frequently used procedures to treat various issues of infertility. IUI is primarily used in cases of low sperm count or decreased sperm mobility in the men. This procedure is usually performed in a laboratory by separating sperms taken from the husband or a donor (depending on the couple’s medical history and consent) and then artificially injecting those sperms inside a woman’s uterus (womb) to facilitate fertilization. It is both a less invasive and inexpensive procedure compared to in vitro fertilization.

Reasons to perform IUI

A poor sperm count or decreased sperm mobility are the most common reasons to perform an IUI procedure. But it may also be considered for the treatment of any of the following conditions:

  • A hostile cervical problem including cervical mucus issues
  • Unexplained Infertility
  • Hindrance of cervical scar tissue occurring from previous surgeries
  • Erectile or Ejaculation Dysfunction

Various steps to perform IUI procedure

  • Medications are given to stimulate egg formation in the female patient.
  • Egg formation is closely monitored usually through ultrasound.
  • The patient is usually given a hormonal trigger for egg release/ovulation and then monitored for about 24-36 hours.
  • As soon as the patient ovulates, IUI or Artificial Insemination is done using Husband’s or Donor’s sperms.
  • On the day of IUI, semen sample is washed in the lab to separate the sperms from the seminal fluid.
  • Then a catheter is used to insert the sperms directly into the head of uterus or womb. This process allows sperm cells to maximize in numbers to increase the chances of conception.
  • This whole procedure takes just a few minutes to finish and without much trouble or discomfort.
  • The next step is to wait and watch for signs and symptoms of pregnancy.

Risks involved

The only risk involved in IUI is that of multiple pregnancies.

Chances of IUI Success

It depends on various factors such as woman’s age, causes of infertility, fertility drugs were used or not, and lots of other variables. If the IUI procedure is performed each month for 3 consecutive months under favorable conditions then the chances of success in the couples may even reach as high as 20% per cycle.

If you are also facing any Infertility issue and looking for some suitable options to enhance your fertility chances, then your search can end with us at Jannee, offering advanced and latest treatment options for infertility with specialization in IVF, ICSI, IUI, and Surrogacy.

Visit us to know more about our services or contact us to book an appointment with our Specialist doctor.

You can also visit our website Jannee Fertility Centre and follow us on Google Plus, Pinterest, Facebook, Twitter and YouTube for the latest blog on fertility issues. 

IVF Chandigarh

IVF Chandigarh