Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is an extremely common disorder affecting 4 to 12 percent women of reproductive age. Though patients have varied symptoms, the main symptoms of the disease are Hyperandrogenism (excessive level of male hormone) and Chronic Anovulation (absence of ovulation). PCOS may lead to infertility in many women for which we are providing best infertility treatment in Chandigarh.
Early diagnosis of PCOS is important as it has been linked to an increased risk for developing several medical issues including infertility, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, and heart diseases.
Symptoms of PCOS
- Weight gain or obesity, yet there are others who may be very lean.
- Irregular Periods or No Periods at all
- Multiple cysts on ovaries in a “string of pearls” pattern.
- High testosterone levels cause Hirsutism (excessive hair growth), male-pattern baldness and acne.
- Acanthosis nigricans– a brown to black, velvety hyperpigmentation of the skin mainly over the skin folds.
Some of the other Risk Factors associated with PCOS:
- High Blood Pressure or Hypertension
- 4 to 7 times higher risk of Heart Attacks
- High Blood Cholesterol
- Sleep Apnea
- Risk of Endometrial Cancer
- Higher rate of Miscarriages
- Higher risk of Gestational Diabetes
- Obesity which can lead to low self-esteem and depression
- Liver Diseases
The infertility rate with Polycystic Ovaries is very high as high levels of the male hormone (testosterone) prevent the ovaries from releasing an egg every month. The women with PCOS usually have difficulty getting pregnant and require treatment to improve chances for pregnancy. So, many patients with PCOS may land up in fertility clinics to improve their chances of conception. Many couples living in north India and abroad opt for Chandigarh IVF centres for the treatment.
Diagnosis of PCOS
- Medical History
The doctor will gather information about your family and past medical history. This includes questions about your menstrual cycle details, weight changes, sleep pattern, and pregnancy history or infertility.
- Physical Examination
The doctor will measure your blood pressure, BMI (body mass index), and waist size. You will also be examined for abnormal hair growth, skin discoloration, acne, skin tags and Alopecia.
- Blood Tests
Blood tests are done to check the testosterone and androgen (male hormones) levels, Thyroid Stimulation Hormone (TSH) to check for overactive/underactive thyroid, DHEA, and fasting glucose.
- Vaginal Ultrasound
This test uses sound waves to examine your ovaries for multiple cysts and check the endometrial lining.
Treatment for PCOS
There is no specific cure for PCOS. The only way out is through proper management of the condition and lifestyle modifications. The treatment for PCOS will vary from woman to woman, depending on specific symptoms.
The main treatment options are:
- Weight Management
- Healthy Diet and Exercise
- Birth control Pills
- Type 2 Diabetes Medication
- Injectable Gonadotropins
- IVF or Test Tube Baby
Can I conceive with PCOS?
The great majority of women with polycystic ovarian syndrome will be able to conceive with minimal treatment. However, some PCOS patients will require treatments such as IVF and ICSI-IVF to achieve parenthood. The good news is that we provide best infertility treatments in Chandigarh for PCOS and other infertile patients.
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