Infertility has become the talk of the nation with a sharp increase by 30% in infertility cases in the last six years. World Health Organization recognizes infertility as a disease as it impairs the physical, mental, emotional and social abilities of couples affected by it. Contrary to popular belief, infertility is not restricted to urban areas and women alone. It’s a widespread problem which affects both men and women alike. In this blog we will be focusing on male infertility, treatment for which is available at Mohali IVF centre.
Causes of Male Infertility:
The underlying cause behind male infertility is usually genetic and/or lifestyle. Some of the common causes of male infertility are:-
- Varicocele – Enlarged veins in the testicles
- Undescended testicle- When one or both testicles fail to move into the scrotum before birth
- Infection in the testicle or prostate
- Genetic Abnormalities such as Down’s syndrome, Klinfelter’s syndrome, etc.
- Erectile dysfunction or impotence- it occurs when a man is unable to develop or maintain an erection.
- Testosterone levels- Low levels of male sex hormone (testosterone) may also be responsible for infertility in men.
- Low Libido or Sex Drive
- Low Sperm count-Sperm count is the number or concentration of sperm cells in a given amount of semen.
- Low Sperm motility- The ability of sperm to swim is an essential function of healthy sperm cells. Low motility of sperms usually doesn’t allow them to reach and fertilize the egg in uterus/ tubes of the female.
Risk factors linked to male infertility:
- Drinking alcohol
- Being overweight
- Exposure to environmental toxins
- Overheating the testicles
- Having medical conditions, including tumors and chronic illnesses
- Taking medication or undergoing chemotherapy for cancer
How can male infertility be prevented?
Male infertility caused by genetic problems or illness can’t be prevented but there are some lifestyle changes which can help in reducing chances of infertility such as avoiding- drugs, excessive alcohol intake, smoking, unprotected sex, tight-fitting underwear, etc.
Treatment options to treat male infertility
If the sperm count is low, then artificial insemination is a good option. In this procedure, semen sample is processed and then placed in the uterus or fallopian tubes of female partner.
In vitro fertilisation
Another option to treat male infertility is In-vitro fertilisation. In this procedure, the sperms and eggs are fertilized in a laboratory and then the fertilized egg is placed in the uterus of female partner. IVF treatment in Chandigarh is available at affordable cost.
Donor sperms can be used to help facilitate conception, in case, tests reveals that there is no sperm production. In this procedure, donor sperms are obtained from a sperm bank and placed inside the uterus or fallopian tubes of female partner through artificial insemination or after fertilization through IVF.
Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection
ICSI is used to improve fertilization phase of in vitro fertilization (IVF) by injecting a single sperm into the matured egg for fertilization. The fertilized egg is then placed in the woman’s uterus for normal growth.
This procedure is commonly used to overcome male infertility issues of low sperm count and motility.
In countries like India, infertility is usually associated with a woman and is even stigmatized. However, medical statistics show that both genders are equally a part of this problem. It is now known that 40% of infertility cases are due to problems in the females, 40% due to problems in males, 10% cases due to both and in 10% cases the problem is unidentified. Keeping these figures in mind, it’s important to see infertility as a neutral problem without putting the burden on any one gender. Best infertility clinic in Chandigarh will counsel the couple for the same.
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