Infertility is a source of pain the world over, but in many places the awful stigma attached to childlessness makes it even harder to bear. IVF is accessible as a primary treatment for infertility in women over age 40 or it was too late to conceive naturally. IVF can be chosen if you have certain health issues. IVF may be an decision if you or your partner has:
- Fallopian tube damage or blockage. Fallopian tube blockage makes it hard for an egg to be fertilized or for an embryo to travel to the uterus.
- Ovulation disorders. Uncertainty ovulation is uncommon or absent, fewer eggs are existing for fertilization.
- Premature ovarian failure. Premature ovarian failure is the damage of normal ovarian function before age 40. If your ovaries fail, they don’t develop normal quantities of the hormone estrogen or have eggs to release regularly.
- Endometriosis. Endometriosis occurs when the uterine tissue implants and produces outside of the uterus — often affecting the function of the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes.
- Uterine fibroids. Fibroids are kind tumours in the partition of the uterus and are common in women in their 30s and 40s. Fibroids can restrict with establishment of the fertilized egg.
- Previous tubal sterilization or removal. If you’ve tubal ligation — a type of cleansing in which your fallopian tubes are cut or blocked to permanently prevent pregnancy — and want to conceive, IVF may be an alternative to tubal ligation reversal.
- Impaired sperm production or function. Minimum sperm concentration, weak movement of sperm (poor mobility), or irregularities in sperm size and shape can make it difficult for sperm to fertilize an egg. If semen anomalies are found, your partner might need to see a specialist to determine if there are correctable problems or underlying health concerns.
- Unexplained infertility. Unexplained infertility means no reason of infertility has been found despite assessment for common causes.
- A genetic disorder. If you or your partner is at danger of passing on a genetic disorder to your child, you may be candidates for preimplantation genetic diagnosis — a procedure that involves IVF. Embryos that don’t contain recognized problems can be moved to the uterus.
- Fertility protection for cancer or other health conditions. If you’re about to start cancer treatment — such as radiation or chemotherapy — that could damage your fertility, IVF for fertility protection may be an option. Women can have eggs collected from their ovaries and frozen in an unfertilized state for later use.
Health experts estimates that nearly 60 per cent women over 35 have trouble conceiving naturally. says IVF Specialist Dr. Nirmal Bhasin who advises women in their 30s to get pregnant as soon as they can.